What is 2D ultrasound?
A 2D ultrasound is a standard procedure used during an obstetric ultrasound. It produces 2-dimensional images of what is happening inside the mother’s and baby’s body during pregnancy. A baby’s growth, gestation, heartbeat, size and development can all be seen clearly using a 2D ultrasound. The position of the baby can also be clearly seen.
2D ultrasounds images are usually in black and white. Depending on how the baby is positioned in the uterus, different images may be seen.
Are 2D ultrasounds safe?
Many people worry about the safety of pregnancy ultrasounds. However, ultrasounds have been used for pregnancy for many years, and to date, there is no evidence that they harm either the baby or the mother. Since ultrasound relies on sound waves and not radiation, as X-rays do, they are much less risky.
We also offer gynae ultrasound to investigate most gynaecological diseases, such as fibroid, ovarian cysts, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), polyps, ectopic pregnancy, adenomyosis, endometrioma (endometriosis of the ovary), blocked tubes (hydrosalpinges) etc.
When are 2D ultrasounds normally done?
Ultrasounds are done at all stages of pregnancy. Dr Tshikosi recommends 2D ultrasound early on in the pregnancy to:
- Confirm a pregnancy
- Determine if there are one or more embryos
- Determine if there are any birth defects or physical defects
- Check where the placenta is lying in relation to the mother’s cervix
- Check for any abnormalities
- Estimate the period of pregnancy.